Do You Have National ID or BVN? Over 100 Million Nigerians Have No Form Of Identification - NIMC


Your National Identification Number (NIN) is used to tie together all records about you – demographic data, fingerprints, head-to-shoulder facial picture, other biometric data and a digital signature – in the National Identity Database making it relatively easy to confirm and verify your identity when you engage in travels and transactions. Just like the National Identification Number, the Bank Verification Number (BVN) which is a biometric identification system implemented by the Central Bank of Nigeria to curb or reduce illegal banking transactions in Nigeria ties together all your records to the Central Bank and National Database. 

Despite the importance of these identifications, the National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) says more than 100 million Nigerians have no form of identification. This was disclosed by Aliyu Aziz, the Director-General of the NIMC during a meeting with editors held via Zoom on Wednesday.

Aziz, who spoke on the topic: “Strategic Roadmap for ID Development”, said less than 50 per cent of the country’s population is not enrolled in the commission’s database.

He said;

“Over 100 million Nigerians have no identity (ID). These include the poorest and the most vulnerable groups, such as the marginalised – women and girls, the less-educated people, migrants, refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, people with disabilities and people living in rural and remote areas,” he said.

“The estimated population of Nigeria stands at 200 million. Only about 38 per cent of the population have any form of ID.”


I want to believe that there are some people living in the country without an identification. But, this is a country where you cannot have a bank account without the BVN. The poor and uneducated who live in rural areas have bank accounts. Let us pretend like they hardly use banks, what about the information these people gave to the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)?

This is a country where millions of votes were recorded in rural areas dominated by the poorest and the most vulnerable groups, such as the marginalised – women and girls, the less-educated people, migrants, refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, people with disabilities. If these people have their records with INEC, then...

According to the NIMC boss, the commission has issued 41.5 million unique identifiers, known as National Identification Numbers (NIN), since the commencement of identity registration and enrolment in 2012. He also said the commission registers all Nigerian citizens within and outside the country, as well as legal residents.

He said,

“Between 2012 till date, only 41.5 million citizens and legal residents have been enrolled in the National Identity Database (NIDB) and issued unique NIN, an average of 5.2 million enrollments per annum,

“At this rate, it will take a long time to enrol the remainder of the people currently living in the country today, and by that time, about 292 million more people would have been added.

“Hence, the need for a strategy to enrol the backlog within the shortest possible time. And that is the reason for the idea of a strategic roadmap and the birth of the ecosystem approach.”


Aziz said while the identity card had an expiration date, the NIN issued was for a lifetime, and emphasised the need for people to be registered.

“Identity matters a lot for development, as inclusive and trusted ID systems can help achieve the goals of empowering individuals and enhancing their access to rights, services and the formal economy,” he added.

“It helps in strengthening transparency, promoting efficiency and effectiveness in governance, service delivery and accountability.

“It also supports private sector development and service delivery, grows digital economy as well as regional and global integration as well as generates reliable data.

“Good ID system supports development goals, including access to finance, gender and equality, empowerment, access to basic health and education services, child protection, migration and labour market opportunities, improved access and quality of social protection as well as governance.”

He said people were registering more in Lagos, Abuja, Kaduna and Kano compared to other cities, while residents in the south-east appeared to show little interest in the identity capturing, NAN reported.

According to the NIMC Director-General, the commission had entered strategic partnerships with NAN, National Orientation Agency (NOA), Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) and other media agencies to sensitise Nigerians on the importance of identity registration.

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